SPAC Transactions in Cannabis: What’s a SPAC | Locke Lord LLP – JDSupra – JD Supra

Since 2018, there have been millions of dollars raised in cannabis-focused special purchase acquisition companies, or “SPACs”. A SPAC is effectively a “blank check” company with no operating history or assets. A SPAC is formed for the purposes of raising capital in an initial public offering (IPO) and using that capital to acquire an existing business and take such business public in what is referred to as “de-SPAC” merger transaction. The funds from the IPO are held in trust for a period of time following the IPO, usually up to 24 months, until they are used to acquire and operate an existing business. If there is no de-SPAC transaction completed within the specified timeframe, the SPAC is then liquidated.

The viability of a SPAC and the ultimate success of the company following a de-SPAC transaction, is, in large part, dependent upon the reputation of the SPAC sponsor. Typically, the sponsor(s) is an experienced team of individuals with significant industry experience and knowledge that will ultimately be relied upon once a target business is acquired. For example, Joe Caltabiano, former CEO of Cresco Labs, and Peter Kadensand, former CEO of Green Thumb Industries, are involved in Choice Consolidation Corp., a SPAC that raised $150 million in its IPO in February 2021. In other cases, the sponsor is a backed by a celebrity seeking to get involved merely as a source of capital. Before there is a de-SPAC acquisition, the sponsor’s role is to provide the financing necessary to form the SPAC and pay expenses arising out of the initial public offering of the SPAC.

For an existing cannabis company that are potential targets for a de-SPAC transaction, an acquisition by a SPAC offers several benefits over a traditional IPO transaction, including (1) cost savings compared to the traditional IPO process, (2) more leverage to negotiate its purchase price compared to a determination of pricing by underwriters based on the market demands in a traditional IPO, and (3) typically a company has little recourse if traditional IPO fails and is not commenced, whereas in a de-SPAC transaction, a company can negotiate for break-up fees to reimburse the target for acquisition related expenses if the transaction is not completed. By way of example, WeedMaps and Clever Leaves were acquired and went public through a de-SPAC transaction in 2020. It is important to note that, to date, many of the cannabis-focused SPACs have been formed as Canadian corporations where cannabis is legalized. To the extent cannabis-related SPACs register in the United States, SEC filings generally disclose that the investment criteria for any target entity will be limited to companies operating in compliance with all applicable laws and regulations under the jurisdictions in which they are located and do not otherwise operate in violation of U.S. federal laws, including the U.S. Controlled Substance Act. Until there is movement in the federal policy to legalize or otherwise de-schedule cannabis as a Schedule 1 narcotic, SPACs have had to delist their securities from any U.S. exchange upon an acquisition of a plant-touching company (such as a cultivator, processor or dispensary) and relist such securities on a Canadian exchange.

As companies continue to consider the viability of raising capital through SPACs and entering into de-SPAC transaction, it will be important to track SEC guidance on SPAC registrations and disclosures. The SEC recently released guidance regarding the treatment of warrants issued in connection with a SPAC IPO. Such warrants are typically later exercisable for common shares at a predetermined price and used to incentivize early investor participation. The SEC’s guidance views these as liabilities of the SPAC, which could hurt the balance sheet and ultimately affect the ability of the SPAC to consummate an acquisition. Additionally, the SEC has warned of additional scrutiny in reviewing forward-looking projections and accounting disclosures for blank-check offerings that could have a cooling effect on the SPAC market going forward.

Please stay tuned to our blog for updates on cannabis industry SPAC transactions and other related developments from the SEC.

Medicinal cannabis: 'Wonder drug' or work in progress? | DW | 21.04.2021 – DW (English)

Scientists are researching a range of possible medical applications for the chemical compounds, often synthetic ones, that can be derived from cannabis.

Forms of cannabis have been said to provide pain relief over millennia, via a history of „herbal remedies” starting in Egypt, China, India and ancient Persia.

More recently, scientists have found that terpenes, a chemical in cannabis which helps give the plant its fragrance, may work as an antiviral agent against a human coronavirus called HCoV-229E.

That’s not the same coronavirus as SARS-CoV-2, the one that’s responsible for the COVID-19 pandemic.

But it is one of seven coronaviruses that infect humans. The terpene was tested in combination with a cannabis compound called cannabidiol (CBD).

Earlier in the pandemic, researchers in Canada suggested a synthetic form of cannabis may inhibit the novel coronavirus and stop it from infecting our bodies via ACE2 receptors. ACE2 receptors are gateways into the human body. They exist in lung tissue, oral and nasal mucus, kidneys, testes, and gastrointestinal tracts.

The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the EU’s European Medicines Agency have approved a cannabis-derived drug called Epidiolex for treating epilepsy. Other drugs, such as Marinol and Syndros, have been approved for treating weight loss in people living with HIV/AIDS and nausea and vomiting. Some are used to treat the side-effects of cancer.

A man carrying a cannabis plant on public transport in Mexico

A man carrying a cannabis plant on public transport in Mexico, where there is a movement to have it legalized

There have also been studies into the use of cannabinoids, chemical compounds derived from cannabis, for treating dementia, Type II diabetes, and cancer. But these are early days in this line of research.

Medicinal cannabis: our current understanding

We’re only just beginning to understand what medicinal benefits cannabis and its variants hold. They may, for example, enhance or improve the effect of antibiotics. That’s a busy area of research that we’ll get into in a moment.

First, a few words on terminology. Scientists refer, on the one hand, to medicinal or synthesized forms of cannabis.

On the other hand, they talk of „crude” forms of cannabis, such as its leaves and seeds, which are most commonly what people consume recreationally and often illegally. That can be leafy marijuana (or Marihuana) or a thick resin, known colloquially as hash.

But it all starts with the Cannabaceae plant family and its descendant, Cannabis sativa L.

Cannabis consists of 540 chemical substances and at least 80, but possibly more than 100, chemical compounds.

Cannabis is not all psychoactive

Chemical compounds in cannabis are called cannabinoids.

The plant’s two best understood compounds are delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD). Both compounds are psychoactive, but to varying degrees. A psychoactive or psychotropic substance affects a person’s mental state — how the brain works. It affects mood, awareness, thoughts, feelings, and behavior.

CBD is less psychoactive than THC. In fact, CBD may even reduce the psychoactive elements in THC. CBD has antidepressant and anti-inflammatory characteristics. 

Cannabidiol is not to be mistaken for cannabinol (CBN). CBN was the first cannabinoid to be detected. As with CBD, CBN has anti-inflammatory properties.

Binding to the body

Cannabinoids also exist naturally in our bodies. They are called endocannabinoids and are part of the endocannabinoid system, which allows phytocannabinoids, those derived from plants, to affect us.

THC, for instance, binds to „CB1” cannabinoid receptors in the brain, and that starts a process that releases its psychoactive effect.

Finally, it’s worth mentioning „hemp.” Hemp is a strain of cannabis, but it’s not the same as marijuana. It is grown industrially, and its stems and seeds are used in textiles and CBD oils for skin treatments or balms.

Cannabidiol and antibiotics

Researchers are also looking at CBD (cannabidiol) as a potential solution to antibiotic resistance.

Doctors say we use antibiotics too much and that it is reducing the ability of those medicines to kill bacteria.

Antimicrobial resistance is the same idea but it includes viruses, fungi and parasites — any microbial life that poses a threat to our health.

CBD has an antibiotic effect of its own, but it has „even stronger effects when combined with other antibiotics,” said Sigrun Lange, a reader in molecular pathology at the University of Westminster in the UK.

Lange and her team have looked at using CBD with antibiotics to fight a strain of Escherichia coli (E.coli), a bacterium that causes stomach cramps, diarrhea and vomiting. They also looked at a strain of staphylococcus aureus, which causes skin infections among other things.

Now, scientists typically distinguish between gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria. But we will have to save explaining that for another time.

Suffice to say: E.coli is gram-negative and staphylococcus aureus is gram-positive, and the main point here is that CBD can „enhance” the effect of specific, existing antibiotics against certain strains of those bacteria.

„You might need to use less of those antibiotics if you combined them with CBDs,” says Lange, highlighting a jackpot application for cannabis in medicine.

But there is some debate about its efficacy, depending on whether the bacterium is gram-negative or gram-positive.

The catch with CBD

Other researchers in Denmark, notably Janne Klitgaard and her PhD candidate, Claes Wassmann, say CBD „appears to be ineffective against gram-negative bacteria,” such as E.coli.

They also tested cannabidiol with the so-called „superbug” Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and found it to be „sensitive to CBD.” 

But there are many strains of both E.coli and Staphylococcus, so all this research is preliminary for now. 

Bartenders serve cannabis-mixed sparkling craft soda at an expo in Thailand

Bartenders serve cannabis-mixed sparkling craft soda at an expo in Thailand

Plus, there’s at least one other known drawback, and that’s been detected by all the teams, including one at the University of Queensland, Australia.

Mark Blaskovich and his lab used a chemically synthesized CBD in mouse models. They say it was effective against MRSA, gonorrhoea, meningitis and legionnaires disease.

But they found also CBD works better externally — on the surface of the skin, for instance — rather than when it’s used to treat an infection that’s in the blood.

„There are a couple of possible explanations,” Blaskovich told DW. „One is that CBD degrades within the body when it binds to other compounds [Ed.: like proteins or lipids/fats].” The drawback, however, is that „once it’s in the body, CBD gets absorbed by all the tissues and everything else, and there’s very little CBD left to kill the bacteria.”

Clearly, there is work still to be done, but the potential is great, as Lange suggests:

„CBD has been used for thousands of years as a therapeutic strategy against all sorts of bacteria, viruses and parasites, even the hunter-gatherers used it in medicine,” she says. „So, I don’t think it would have the same story as antibiotics in terms of resistance. But, then again, we’ve yet to explore that deeply. So, it’s hard to predict.”

CBD Oil for Migraines: Latest Research, Risks, Legality & More – Legal Reader


Can CBD oil work for headaches? Yes, it can. Using cannabidiol helps with signs and symptoms of headache. However, there’s a need for more research on the benefits and side effects of using cannabidiol products.


Imagine having a migraine attack that lasts more than 72 hours? Given that a migraine is fiercer than a headache, the pain you undergo is too much.

For many people who suffer from migraines, attacks are numerous because of noise, sudden movement, and even excessive light. Today, more are opting for alternative remedies rather than turning to pain medication. The main concern is the side effect of taking medicine.

Natural remedies for this condition include a CBD strain for migraines that prove beneficial for pain relief. The best way to understand how cannabidiol can help you when experiencing a migraine is to know what researchers are saying.

Expert Opinion and Research about CBD for Migraine

What can CBD for migraines do?

Image by Sophie Nengel, via Unsplash.com.
Image by Sophie Nengel, via Unsplash.com.

The legalization process of CBD in numerous states led to rapid growth in the industry. Within no time, there were hundreds of companies manufacturing CBD products. At the same time, many more people started seeking alternative remedies for illnesses.

All this led to the cannabis industry becoming a billion-dollar sector with little research about how CBD works. Today, there’s a considerable gap when it comes to studies, research, and expert opinion about CBD for migraines.

Additionally, the research available on the use of CBD for migraine is a combination with THC. There’s no research tackling CBD for migraines only. From the study mentioned above, there was conclusive evidence on CBD and THC’s therapeutic benefits. These two are not a cure for the condition but can help the body tackle signs and symptoms.

Another study took place in 2016 examining the use of cannabis to treat headaches and migraines. The number of migraines in patients reduced by up to 10 after using medical cannabis as per the Pharmacotherapy published conclusion. Some even prefer using CBD coffee pods for migraines.

Also, there’s a 2017 study that showed positive results when it came to CBD for migraines. But, the point worth noting is this is not the case for all people. People experience varying results when it comes to the effects of using CBD for migraines.

Still, more research was presented in 2017 in regards to using cannabinoids to reduce migraines. The presentation was before the Congress of the European Academy of Neurology.

The following year, there was a review that detailed evidence from an experiment about CBD for migraine treatment plus alleviating chronic pain and headaches.

Recently, a review in 2020 concluded that cannabis is an excellent remedy for chronic pain, one symptom of migraines.

Even with these reviews and studies, one concern many still have is whether cannabidiol is a safe, natural remedy.

Is CBD for Migraine Safe?

The popularity of CBD underplays the side effects that this compound has, which needs more highlighting. With proper CBD dosage, you can find relief from migraines and headaches. However, how safe is cannabidiol given that you might need to use it for some time?

What can cannabidiol do for severe headaches? As you ponder on this question, also learn as much as possible about its safety. There’s little research available about the effects of using CBD, and only one CBD drug has FDA approval to treat seizures.

Though many products like CBD migraine balm sold by companies have undergone third-party testing, they still don’t have FDA certification. This raises a concern in terms of how safe they are for human consumption. Therefore, the best way to test the effects is by starting with small doses.

Decide on when to take CBD for migraines. The best time can be when you start noting the signs of an oncoming headache or migraine. When you start with a small dose, you can monitor your body response then keep increasing after that.

Still, it’s worth noting that there’s a need for regulation given how unreliable companies are. A recent study tested the amount of CBD in 84 products bought from e-commerce stores. The results revealed dishonesty in the industry, given that 18 of the broad spectrum ones had THC while many others had smaller amounts of CBD than advertised.

Final Point

Can CBD oil work for headaches? Yes, it can. Using cannabidiol helps with signs and symptoms of headache. However, there’s a need for more research on the benefits and side effects of using cannabidiol products.

Do you have any questions or comments? Let us know in the comment section below.

Holyoke City Council OKs permits for cannabis growers; honors activist – MassLive.com

HOLYOKE – The City Council approved special permits for cannabis cultivators Massbiology Technology LLC and EMB Natural Ventures LLC during a virtual session Tuesday night.

Massbiology proposes to build and operate a marijuana cultivation and processing facility at 6 Appleton St.

The permit requires Massbiology to add a bike rack. Holyoke Fire Department approves a generator for the site, finds an alternative fuel source, and “obtain site control of the area slated for parking.”

The Massachusetts Cannabis Commission requires all licensing applicants to apply for a special permit at the municipal level. The commission oversees the Commonwealth’s medical and recreational marijuana industry, an economic bright spot in Holyoke’s economy.

Councilor At-large Rebecca Lisi, who chairs the Ordinance Committee, said Massbiology’s application was “straightforward and very complete” during an April 13 committee hearing.

She noted the proposed exterior generator would run on diesel fuel and wanted the fire department to sign off. However, the committee recommended Massbiology find an alternative to diesel, citing the city’s high asthma rates.

The applicant had to address easement issues before the building project could begin, according to Lisi. The easements related to the slated parking spots.

“We’re doing well moving forward on the manufacturing end of the supply chain for cannabis. These are living-wage jobs with benefits,” Lisi said. Massbiology expects to hire 25 employees per shift. “This is a great opportunity for the city.”

EMB Naturals proposes a marijuana cultivation operation for 140 Middle Water St., providing the company gains site control and easements or property rights before construction and satisfy outstanding issues outlined in a letter by the City Engineer.

Jeffrey Dannenberg, of EMB naturals, said a “skeleton staff” must work after 8 p.m. because of the “nature of the growing.” EMB Naturals submitted the original application in April 2019. Since then, the project changed from a renovation to a rebuild of the structure.

Dannenberg asked the council to strike the 8 p.m. closing time. Ward 3 Councilor David Bartley opposed the amendment. He said the petitioner could request changes to the hours of operation in the future.

“The petitioner has the right to come back and amend the special permit based upon some kind of evidence,” Bartley said, “not just because.” He added that prior applicants accepted the council’s standard conditions.

Bartley said the burden fell on the petitioner and not the City Council. Lisi countered that two cannabis manufacturers have or would have around-the-clock operations.

Councilor At-large Joseph M. McGiverin said imposing limited hours on EMB Naturals, which plans to operate in a designated manufacturing zone, “made no sense.” During Holyoke’s manufacturing heyday, companies fielded three, eight-hour shifts, he added.

The council waived the hours of operation for EMB Naturals.

Bartley noticed the standard conditions were not attached to the applicants’ permits earlier in the meeting. Lisi said it was an oversight on her part. The applicants’ agreed to the amendments.

The council added the following conditions for both applicants:

  • That the owner of the building always pays commercial property tax rate to the extent allowed by federal, state, and local laws for the duration of the special permit.
  • That the businesses retain a minimum of 30% Holyoke residents for nonsecurity jobs.
  • Hiring preference given to security personnel who are retired Holyoke Police or are a retired member of another police department who lives in Holyoke.
  • There shall be no marijuana consumption allowed on-site.
  • No deliveries of retail or medical marijuana from the site to individual homes, residences, or people.
  • Microbiology operates between 8 a.m. to 8 p.m. Monday through Saturday and 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. Sunday.

Ward 6 Councilor Juan Anderson-Burgos announced the death of activist and friend Mary Birks, the mother of former Ward 3 School Committee Member Dennis Birks.

“It’s with a very extreme, heavy heart and a very sad moment, not just for me obviously, but a lot of people in the community,” Anderson-Burgos said. He first met Birks during a tough time in his life.

“She was a constant force behind me, pushing me along, showing me my strengths and my worth,” he said. “Those things I didn’t think I even had. It was like an arrow to my heart when I heard the news.”

Anderson-Burgos led the City Council in a moment of silence.

Council President Todd McGee said the news of Birks passing was shocking. “To the family, our hearts go out to them, and we’re truly sorry for your loss,” McGee said.

The family requested that donations in Birks’ honor be made to Homework House, 54 N. Summer St., Holyoke, MA 01040.

Bazelet Research to breed new regionally adapted legal cannabis varieties for Southeast US – PRNewswire

ORLANDO, Fla., April 21, 2021 /PRNewswire/ — Bazelet Research, a subsidiary of Neon Bloom, Inc. (OTC: NBCO) reports it recently began advanced plant breeding efforts to and late-stage cultivar development. Our breeding efforts will create new THC-Free cannabis cultivars particularly for local and regional adaptation to soils and climates of the Southeast U.S. The primary goal is the Company releasing safe, effective 0.00% THC cultivars that are publicly available in the legal US hemp industry. 

Bazelet Research will develop new THC-Free cannabis plant varieties that help create or meet emerging demand for new agriculturally based industrial and food products including plant-based chemicals that have industrial and/or pharmaceutical relevance.

„Cannabis breeding for years has used questionable techniques that over years have led most marketplace genetics focused on producing THC. The Company’s unique heirloom, landrace genetics, a 15,000sf plant tissue culture laboratory, CRISPR Gene-Editing / Genomic Sequencing Technology, over 70 years in the plant industry and more than 60 highly trained employees prepared to conduct this valuable scientific research. Our new plant varieties are 0.00% THC plants that will offer higher yields, better drought and pest resistance, and selectively express specific genes allowing our growers to produce unique, higher value crops,” said David Grand, Bazelet co-founder and Chief Research Officer. He further said, „We will pinpoint correlations between the genetic effects of certain strains for their optimal medicinal, consumer, and industrial application.”

For years, the Bazelet organization has worked closely with several US Agencies and these research projects are fully supported by the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture’s, Agriculture and Food Research Initiative (AFRI).

This work will materially advance plant physiology, plant health, plant production, plant products, and sustainable agriculture in the Southeast US.   

About Bazelet Research: Bazelet Research and Innovation is revolutionizing the field of genome engineering and sequencing using CRISPR-Cas9. This new technology empowers the company with limitless applications in disease therapeutics, drug discovery, agriculture, biofuels and more. Bazelet Research is pinpointing correlations between the genetic effects of certain cannabis strains for optimal industrial, medicinal and consumer application.

Disclaimer: This Press Release is for informational purposes, contains forward-looking statements based on current expectations, forecasts, and assumptions with information available to us as of the date hereof and involve risks and uncertainties. This Press Release does not constitute an offer to sell or a solicitation of offers to buy any securities of any entity. Actual results may differ materially from those stated or implied in such forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements include statements regarding our expectations, beliefs, intentions or strategies regarding the future and can be identified by forward-looking words such as „anticipate,” „believe,” „could,” „estimate,” „expect,” „intend,” „may,” „should,” „would” or similar words. We assume no obligation to update the information included in this Press Release, whether a result of new information, future events or otherwise.

CONTACT: Kirk Calvert
PHONE: (321) 558-2170
EMAIL: [email protected] 
WEBSITE: www.bazelethealth.com

SOURCE Bazelet Health

Related Links

http://www.bazelet.net

States Pushing Cannabis Operations To Be More Friendly To The Earth – Green Market Report

4/20 and Earth Day 2021 are both upon us this week, and with those dates comes an opportunity to take a good, hard look at the environmental impacts of the cannabis industry as well as legislative responses to those challenges. Resource use and extraction, air and water quality, and waste management are just a few of the environmental issues confronting indoor, outdoor, and greenhouse cultivation operations. Worth a staggering $61 billion, the cannabis industry is profiting heavily from its current practices, so it stands to reason that legislators are looking to heightened restrictions, green incentives, and higher permitting and licensing fees to offset some of the environmental costs of production and manufacturing.

Aside from the many negative impacts of illegal grow operations, including the use of banned insecticides, illegal diversion of stream water, and unchecked chemical runoff, legal operations can still pack a devastating environmental punch. Soil degradation increased load on water and energy infrastructure systems, and carbon and volatile organic compound emissions from terpenes all have scientists, activists, and lawmakers scrambling to make sure the cannabis market’s booming profits don’t come at the expense of planetary health.

The Puget Sound Clear Air Agency in Washington State has imposed a requirement that recreational marijuana producers and processors comply with air quality regulations after they have obtained licensing. This involves paying a fee for a Notice of Construction permit that details odor control equipment and solvent usage information, as well as submitting a plan view of the facility, a schematic drawing of the HVAC system, and an environmental checklist among other requirements. In California, state government-run Water Boards require permitted growers to register water rights and follow strict guidelines that include prohibitions on diverting surface water from April through October and irrigating with stored water during the dry season. Any non-consumer wastes produced in cannabis operations manufacturing vape cartridges and pens in the state are required to be managed by electronics recyclers, which puts California ahead of most states in this particular practice.

The Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection prohibits “the emission into the outdoor atmosphere of any malodorous contaminants”, which has shut down more than one processing hemp drying operation in the state while encouraging others to upgrade their generators and air scrubbers to keep business running. Other states such as New Jersey have regulated certain areas as protected lands, such as shellfish habitat, wetlands, and riparian zones, which require special permits or authorization in order to be used for cannabis cultivation. 

In Colorado, Boulder has city codes that require marijuana businesses to utilize renewable energy to offset 100% of their electricity consumption as part of Boulder’s Sustainability and Climate Action Plan.  In addition, several local governments in Colorado, in conjunction with the state, have prepared a “Cannabis Environmental Best Practices Guide”, but as long as adherence to measures such as these remains elective or wildly variable from state to state, both illegal and legal marijuana operations will continue to stymy efforts to ensure that that the cannabis boom is not a bust for the environment.


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Biden could veto cannabis bill from Congress (Newsletter: April 21, 2021) – Marijuana Moment

Schumer: No banking before legalization;3 new marijuana bills in Congress; Lawmakers & brands celebrate 4/20

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/ TOP THINGS TO KNOW

White House Press Secretary Jen Psaki said President Joe Biden won’t commit to signing a marijuana legalization bill if passed by Congress, saying his position “isn’t the same as what the House and Senate have proposed.” She also said she didn’t know his stance on cannabis banking legislation that is advancing and refused to say whether he would issue clemency to people currently serving time in federal prison for marijuana.

Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer (D-NY) told Marijuana Moment in an interview that his chamber will not pursue cannabis banking ahead of full legalization, as the House just did. Banking gets votes from senators who don’t back broader reform, so he wants to tie them together, he said.

Schumer also celebrated 4/20 on the Senate floor.

  • “Hopefully the next time this unofficial holiday 4/20 rolls around, our country will have made progress in addressing the massive overcriminalization of marijuana.”

Reps. Nydia Velázquez (D-NY), Jared Golden (D-ME) and Dwight Evans (D-PA) filed three new bills to let the marijuana industry access small business federal assistance that is available to companies operating in any other sector—including loans, disaster relief and grant programs.

Politicians from top members of Congress to governors to local officials celebrated 4/20 by highlighting marijuana legalization’s growing momentum.

Major companies also sought to latch onto 4/20 as a branding opportunity, with only a handful using it as a chance to draw attention to the injustices of the war on drugs.

/ FEDERAL

Several Senate Democrats said they either oppose or are skeptical about marijuana legalization.

Sen. John Thune (R-SD) said federal marijuana reform is “something we’ll probably have to grapple with here.”

Sen. Bob Menendez (D-NJ) tweeted, “NJans spoke loud and clear last year when they voted to legalize recreational marijuana, but legal cannabis businesses can’t get insurance to protect their employees, customers and property like other legal businesses. My CLAIM Act would put legal marijuana-related businesses on a fair footing and allow this industry to flourish.”

Sen. Jacky Rosen (D-NV) tweeted, “Medical marijuana can help veterans receive the care they need, but the VA’s prohibited from recommending or prescribing it. I’m joining @BrianSchatz’s Veterans Medical Marijuana Safe Harbor Act to allow VA doctors to prescribe medical marijuana in the 36 states where it’s legal.”

Rep. Earl Blumenauer (D-OR) paid tribute on the House floor to marijuana legalization activist Steve Fox, who passed away last week.

Rep. Steve Cohen (D-TN) said efforts to reform federal marijuana laws are “coming along.”

The campaign of Pennsylvania Democratic Senate candidate John Fetterman, the lieutenant governor, is launching a “Cannabis Coalition.”

The House marijuana banking bill got 12 new cosponsors for a total of 180.

Louisiana Democratic congressional candidate Karen Carter Peterson tweeted, “We’ve seen what the cannabis industry can do for economics — now it’s time to finally legalize it and create new, equitable opportunities for our communities and those most harmed by this failed policy in #la02.”

/ STATES

Virginia Gov. Ralph Northam (D) will ceremonially sign a marijuana legalization bill on Wednesday.

Connecticut Gov. Ned Lamont (D) and some Democratic lawmakers seem to disagree on how close they are on arriving at a deal on a marijuana legalization bill that can get enough support to pass.

New Jersey Gov. Phil Murphy (D) spoke about efforts to implement marijuana legalization.

Washington State’s attorney general said lawmakers should not reinstate criminal penalties for drug possession.

Texas Democratic attorney general candidate Joe Jaworski called for marijuana legalization.

The Louisiana House of Representatives approved a bill to tax medical cannabis flower if it is legalized under separate legislation.

New York’s Assembly majority leader said she thinks the state Cannabis Control Board will be appointed and running by this summer.

Connecticut’s House majority leader spoke about the challenge of getting enough votes to pass a marijuana legalization bill this year.

The Pennsylvania House majority leader’s press secretary criticized efforts to legalize marijuana.

A Georgia representative was appointed to serve on the Medical Cannabis Commission Oversight Committee.

Arizona regulators held a lottery to award marijuana dispensary business licenses in rural counties. They also noted that a tax due date happened to fall on 4/20.

Massachusetts regulators launched a public education campaign about the risks of unregulated marijuana vaping products.

The Iowa Department of Transportation sent a press release urging people not to drive while impaired even as more neighboring states legalize marijuana.

Minnesota regulators sent a reminder that the deadline to apply for a hemp license is coming up.

Michigan regulators will host a marijuana social equity business resource workshop on Thursday.


Marijuana Moment is already tracking more than 1,000 cannabis, psychedelics and drug policy bills in state legislatures and Congress this year. Patreon supporters pledging at least $25/month get access to our interactive maps, charts and hearing calendar so they don’t miss any developments.


Learn more about our marijuana bill tracker and become a supporter on Patreon to get access.

/ LOCAL

Birmingham, Alabama’s mayor launched a program of blanket pardons for people convicted of marijuana possession.

The Erie County, New York district attorney said his office will reexamine all pending marijuana cases following legalization.

Los Angeles, California regulators launched a new initiative to engage with the public about cannabis rules.

San Diego County, California officials will hold marijuana social equity outreach sessions on Friday and Monday.

/ INTERNATIONAL

Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau said he wasn’t aware that Tuesday was 4/20 until asked about it by a reporter. Separately, the head of the New Democratic Party tweeted, “On #420 I reiterate my call for a full and immediate expungement of criminal records for cannabis possession. Despite agreeing that Black and Indigenous people have been disproportionately and adversely harmed by drug laws – Justin Trudeau has done nothing about it.”

/ SCIENCE & HEALTH

A study of people with Crohn’s disease found that “eight weeks of CBD-rich cannabis treatment induced significant clinical and [quality of life] improvement without significant changes in inflammatory parameters or endoscopic scores.”

A review concluded that “quantitative results indicate that psilocybin can significantly reduce depressive symptomatology in treatment-resistant depression, along with anxiety, neuroticism, anhedonia, anger and hostility, and impulsiveness.”

/ ADVOCACY, OPINION & ANALYSIS

The Alabama Democratic Party endorsed marijuana legalization.

The Louisiana Democratic Party tweeted about a pending marijuana decriminalization bill.

The Democratic Attorneys General Association tweeted about the marijuana legalization advocacy of Virginia’s attorney general.

Americans for Safe Access became the first cannabis standard setting body accredited by the  International Organization for Standardization.

The Drug Policy Alliance convened a new Federal Cannabis Regulations Working Group.

/ BUSINESS

Jushi Holdings Inc. is acquiring OhiGrow, LLC.

TerrAscend Corp. is acquiring GuadCo, LLC and KCR Holdings LLC.

Charlotte’s Web Holdings, Inc. got approval from Canadian authorities to grow three of its proprietary hemp cultivars in the country.

Cresco Labs published a survey finding that one in four Americans have tried some form of cannabis within the past twelve months.

Leafly published a new report estimating that legalizing marijuana Pennsylvania would support at least 32,000 full-time jobs, result in $3.3 billion in sales per year and generate $520 million in annual tax revenue.

/ CULTURE

The Onion made fun of new research showing that psilocybin is effective in treating depression.

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Best CBD Dog Treats: Top 3 Brands in 2021 – Ministry of Hemp

Who says dog treats are all about animal protein content? If you are looking for a fun yet healthy way to reward your dog with delectable treats, there’s nothing safer and more nourishing than CBD treats. 

New pet parents may disapprove of the idea. But before you totally freak out, CBD is legal and generally safe to consume for your fur baby since it originated from pure hemp, which means no traces of marijuana. 

According to this study, dogs with osteoarthritis were administered with cannabidiol. They have reported a significant pain decrease and improved activity after four weeks of treatment. Other scientific studies confirm the use of CBD on dogs. 

So, here, we are going to review the best CBD dog treats on the market. They can help your canine get some relief from several health conditions, like chronic pain and anxiety. The taste is just a delightful bonus. 

Dig in and find the perfect product for your pet! 

Top 3 CBD Dog Treats in 2021:

  1. Fab CBD – Highest Quality 
  2. HolistaPet – Best for All Dog Breeds 
  3. Joy Organics – Best Soft Chews  

Factors to Consider When Choosing CBD Dog Treats

As with other products, finding the right CBD dog treats is a hard job. You need to flip through innumerable content to please your conviction. You only want the best for your canine, and so do we. What we can offer are some of the healthiest and tastiest CBD treats. 

Don’t fork up your money yet! Consider these essential factors to avoid a costly mistake. 

  • Use a product that is 100% natural and organic to make sure no fertilizers or unsafe chemicals were used throughout the process. 
  • Verify the ingredients and efficacy. Is it purely processed with no additives? Remember, the pup’s health is sensitive too! 
  • Go for CBD treats with no more than 0.3 percent THC. But having no traceable amount is most favorable. 
  • The final product should be free of contaminants and harsh chemicals. CO2 is one popular method for extracting CBD – safe, efficient, and environmentally friendly. 
  • Determine if the treats are completely safe for your pet with third-party lab tests. Companies display it on their websites for quick information access. 
  • For which condition do you want the formula to become handy? Some are made to relieve pain. Others are beneficial for reducing allergies and other common health issues. 

Best CBD Dog Treats [Full Reviews]

No one can resist those fluffy eyes and soft furs, agree? We all love our dogs. And one way of showing them our love is by ensuring they are in tiptop condition. You can start by getting the healthiest treats for them. 

Below, we have listed our top 3 picks for CBD treats:

1. Fab CBD – High Quality Dog Treats

Highest Quality

Being one of the esteemed CBD brands in the market enables Fab CBD to reach a wider audience. It is their extensive research and hard work that put their products in most shopping carts. These are formulated with pure ingredients, without corn, wheat, or soy. It is specially designed to boost mental relief, such as anxiety. 

The manufacturer spent almost one year before coming up with the final formula. It perfectly targets the digestive system and palate of pups. So, once you add some to his food, he will definitely love it and even ask for more. You won’t even need to convince him to gobble up the medicine. Its delectable smell and taste will do the job for you. 

The only issue we found so far is that Fab CBD is restricted to formulas and flavors. Plus, coconut oil can have a sensitive effect on some canines. But generally, a nutritive companion with its combined essential vitamins, antioxidants, and plant extracts. 

Recommended for small to large dog breeds suffering from pain-generating disorders and food allergies. It is also used to help with skin conditions, sleep disorders, and diabetes. 

Hemp Source

Fab CBD sources its hemp from Colorado farms. These are organic, all-natural, and a full spectrum type of hemp. And to ensure the finest pure materials and first-rate final formula, it only invests in state-of-the-art pieces of machinery for cultivating, producing, and extracting the hemp. 

The hemp used in the production is called broad-spectrum CBD blend, which means the treats have no single amount of THC. All they contain are nutritious terpenes and cannabinoids. 

Lab Tests

Fab relies on the reliability of ProVerde Laboratories to test each of its products. The results are readily available online. 

Potency 

Each treat contains 3mg CBD while a single packet (50 treats) has a total of 150mg. 

Flavors & Ingredients

Fab CBD currently has one flavor: 

Calm & Cool – ease up anxiety to keep your poochie cool and calm, with peanut butter apple flavor 

  • Naturally grown hemp extracts to restore the body system’s function 
  • Coconut oil with its anti-fungal and antiviral components 
  • Chamomile to reduce stress and improve digestive activity  
  • Passionflower with its soothing effect 

Other ingredients include oats, apples, peanut butter, and tapioca syrup. 

Click here to See the Full List of Ingredients on Fab’s Official Site.

Price 

You will be paying $34 ($0.23/mg) for a single pack of Fab CBD. Getting three bundles will cost $87. That’s $0.19 per milligram. 

Coupon 

Use the coupon MOH20 and get up to 20% off. 

2. HolistaPet – Best Value

Best for All Breeds

Health and wellness come first, even on pets. As such, Holistapet is highly committed to providing organic and safe remedies suitable to all budgets. Its CBD dog treats claim to relieve discomfort and other forms of pain. What makes its products special are the supplements and superfoods contained in each pack. It is also rich in minerals and vitamins.

No international delivery option is currently unavailable on some items, plus the products only accommodate the needs of livestock and pets. Nevertheless, it is a brand to lend your trust with. Their formula provides several health benefits – from discharging stress and anxiety to lessening joint pain or arthritis. 

Holistapet only works with renowned farms to produce cannabidiol products. They are all herbal-based, vegan, and all-natural without artificial colors and flavors, as well as ingredients that could trigger allergies among dogs. 

Hemp Source

Just like Fab CBD, Holistapet also obtains its hemp from Colorado. It makes use of the carbon dioxide extraction process. 

The full-spectrum blend guarantees users that each product doesn’t have any traces of THC. It is only made of organic hemp extracts. 

Lab Tests

Holistapet aims to provide your canine with a similar quality and safety standard as cannabidiol for humans. Hence, they use pH Solutions, LLC to test their products. How pure and potent they are when consumed are clearly stated on the website. 

Potency 

Each treat contains 5mg CBD while a single packet (30 treats) has a total of 150mg. 

Flavors & Ingredients

Holistapet has three different flavors to choose from. They contain hemp seed powder, CBD oil, cinnamon, brown rice flour, coconut oil, and molasses. Other ingredients are provided below: 

Joint & Mobility Care – decrease inflammation and pain as a result of surgery and arthritis, as well as improve joint health, with flavors cinnamon and pumpkin spice 

  • Pumpkin puree to aid with diarrhea and constipation 
  • Turmeric root is known for its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties
  • Boswellia to relieve arthritis 

Stress & Anxiety Relief – ideal for pups that deal with extreme stress, anxiety, and phobia as it keeps them calm and relaxed even in an anxious or tense situation; with flavors peanut butter and green apple 

  • Peanut butter is a good source of protein, vitamin B, and other essential nutrients 
  • L-theanine provides natural relief to pacify pets, especially in their most fragile state 
  • Chamomile is well-known for its anti-inflammatory and sedative effect 
  • Organic applesauce to strengthen bones and regulate blood sugar 

Heart & Immune Care – promote general health and well-being by keeping the immune system and heart perfectly healthy, with flavors sweet potato and blueberry 

  • Blueberries to encourage a vigorous immune system and general health
  • Sweet potatoes to ensure the pet’s digestive system is working accurately with its dietary fiber content 
  • Flaxseed to support polished coat and healthy skin 

Click here to See the Full List of Ingredients on HolistaPet’s Official Site.

Price 

A single pack costs $24.95 or $0.16 per milligram, while three bundles of CBD treats cost $67.36 or $0.15 per milligram.  

Coupon 

Use the coupon ALLCBD15 and get up to 15% off. 

3. Joy Organics – Best Soft Chews 

Best Soft Chews

If you are looking for delicious CBD-rich treats that your filo will love chewing with their soft texture, there’s nowhere to go other than Joy Organics. There is only one flavor available, though. 

Nonetheless, it is made of premium quality ingredients and organic hemp source to provide all the nourishing benefits. The water-soluble cannabidiol blend makes the formula easier to absorb, which means there are no delays before the medicine comes into effect. 

It would usually take around forty-five minutes before it enters into the endocannabinoid system of your canine.  Most users have reported no side effects. But since the pet’s body has a different working mechanism, he may or may not like to develop undesirable effects. 

As long as you follow the suggested dosage, there should not be a problem at all. You don’t need to conceal it with food. Just give the chews directly, and your pet will surely love them. 

Use Joy Organics to free up your dog from acute or chronic pain and inflammation. If he is suffering from anxiety or mood disorder, the treats act as a natural aid. Perfect for small to medium-sized to large breeds irrespective of their weight and size. The label indicates you should give one to two treats for every 25 lb. of his weight. 

Hemp Source

All hemp is naturally developed and processed in Colorado farms with quality assurance and thorough management. Their products are THC-free. 

The company uses a broad-spectrum CBD blend to produce chewy, nutritious treats. It relies on the CO2 extraction process, which is known for being one of the most efficient and safest. 

Lab Tests

Joy Organics teams up with some of the most reliable labs to test all their products. They have Botanacor Services, Aurum Labs, PIXIS Labs, Cannalysis, Green Scientific Labs, and PhytaTech Metrics Solution. 

Potency 

Each treat contains 2mg CBD while a single jar has 30 treats. Being less potent makes it ideal for a more casual approach. 

Flavors & Ingredients

Pups won’t say no to bacon! Thankfully with Joy Organics, the treats are beef-flavored with a bit of bacon included. 

Here are the main ingredients present:  

  • Water-soluble phytocannabinoid-rich hemp extract powder
  • Natural bacon flavor to lure your hound from chewing the treats with its very delicious taste, though it’s also a fatty and rich food 
  • Organic sweet potato powder
  • Flaxseed oil to nourish skin and coats while strengthening the immune system 
  • Dried brewer’s yeast to help aid with diarrhea and support good digestive health
  • Beef liver powder contains vitamin A, proteins, and fat to keep your dog healthy 
  • Vitamin E to improve immunity and circulatory system while developing healthy, strong muscles 
  • GMO-free sunflower lecithin to improve digestion and promote healthier haircoat 
  • Natural mixed tocopherols 

Other ingredients include water, glycerin, sodium alginate, gum arabic, sodium propionate, citrus pectin, dextrin, microcrystalline cellulose, calcium sulfate dihydrate, and natural mixed tocopherols.

Click here to See the Full List of Ingredients on the Official Joy Organics Site.

Price 

You will be paying about $0.58/mg CBD with 30 2mg for every jar. The price ranges anywhere from $24.95 to $39.95. 

Coupon 

Use the coupon ALLCBD15 and get up to 15% off. 

How to Choose the Right CBD Dog Treats? 

Earlier, we have given you a glimpse of what you should be looking for in CBD treats to help you land on the right product. Now, let’s discuss each in an in-depth manner. 

Hemp Source 

American and European farms are prominently known as the best sources of hemp extracts. They strictly abide by the regulations, plus their soil is free from contaminants, pesticides, and other toxic elements. In case the product has no indicated information about its hemp source, it’s best not to take the risk. 

Ingredients

You don’t want your doggie to deal with side effects like stomach upset or further heighten his existing condition. In this case, opt for natural products containing plain but health-giving ingredients. 

They need to be completely organic and natural, as well as vegan friendly. MCT coconut oil is an example of a high-quality ingredient you should be looking for as it is rich in lauric acid and fat. It makes the absorption relatively quick. Food dyes, propylene glycol (PG), and ethoxyquin are the red flags to watch out for.

Potency 

A more effective dosage is required for pets with a more severe condition. A dog with mild anxiety, for instance, needs lower CBD potency. Those with arthritis or cancer will usually require a more potent treatment. 

Variety of flavors 

Some pups are picky eaters. If your dog falls in this category, go for a product that comes with multiple flavors. If he doesn’t like a particular taste, you will never run out of other options. You may also want a treat with a pleasant, intense smell to induce your naughty friend.

Exact Formulation 

The carbon dioxide (CO2) extraction process is considered the gold standard when it comes to CBD products. It is intricate and more expensive than other regular methods. A company that implements CO2 extraction only shows how dedicated it is to provide top-quality formula. Therefore, worthy of your investment. 

External Lab Results

By having third-party lab results, you get an assurance that the CBD content doesn’t have toxic substances such as heavy metals. Not to mention highly supported by experts and organizations. Companies usually provide a Certificate of Analysis (COA) that comprises important information about the product, including the levels of THC and CBD contained. 

Health Condition 

CBD dog treats are made for different purposes. There is a formula ideal for dogs suffering from soreness and mental issues. Consider the health condition of your dog before settling for a CBD treat. If you are planning to add it into his diet for optimal function, a low dosage amount is what you need. 

User Reviews 

Rely on what customers have to say about the effectiveness and quality of the formula. How do the pets react to the product? Is it full of approval or recommends potential buyers to save their dollars instead? Don’t worry because you will easily spot real reviews from the fake ones. It’s just a matter of strong instinct. 

Brand Reputation

Companies with a long history serving the market are typically recommended since it speaks a lot about their credibility. But of course, you should not overlook what newcomers have to offer. Check about their transparency and return policy. Ask some related questions if necessary. 

Price Value

You should not cut down your budget for CBD treats. Low-priced products would mean low quality, but it doesn’t apply to all. You can still find some that are trustworthy both in quality and price value. And so, we have provided you with the product’s price range to help you decide better. 

CBD Treats vs Oils: Which is Better for Dogs? 

Oils and treats are a healthy way to manage the overall wellness of your fur baby. Both require an oral application and can easily integrate into their regular diet. 

But if you are still having a hard time choosing which way to go for your picky friend, allow us to help you in any way we can. Here’s what you should know about CBD oil and treats, along with their benefits and drawbacks. 

CBD Oil 

CBD oil is a liquid obtained from Hemp plants. It includes coconut oil or any carrier oil to promote fast absorption. It is more edible with a wealth of healthful choices. While it is not as crusty as treats, it will still keep your dog busy and satisfy his stomach. It is intended for a longer-lasting effect, most likely around nine hours or so. 

Benefits: 

  • CBD oil for dogs are available different strengths to accommodate dog breeds 
  • Fast-acting; dogs can feel the effect after a few hours 
  • The cheapest alternative to CBD treats 
  • Compared to treats, oils have a long shelf life of approximately one year or even more 
  • It can last up to three years before completely discarding 

Disadvantages: 

  • There is no accurate dose measurement; hence, you need to be careful when administering it to your pup 
  • Most pets dislike the flavor of oils when taken directly. It will work best if you combine it with food. 

Dog Treats 

When talking about convenience, CBD treats are a must-have. Just add it to your dog’s food, and he will surely enjoy a tasty snack. Easy peasy, right? And similar to CBD oils, allow your eyes to feast with the plenty of selections available. So, forget about that old dreary eating habit! 

Benefits:

  • Flavorful – you don’t even have to mask its bare taste with any food 
  • Once ingested, the treats could last for four to eight hours at a time
  • Super easy to give to your furry friend. All you need is to get some bits in the package and ready to eat. No more lengthy preparations, unlike CBD oils. Anyone who owns a picky eater knows the challenge of feeding your pup, and he may not like to see you mixing anything in his food. Treats can save you massively. 
  • Administering the treats means no wild guesses about the dosage amount. Each treat contains a delectable, potent substance with pre-measured dosages to support your dog’s overall health. 
  • And yes, treats are believed to be a healthier option than CBD oils. Isn’t it nice to have wholesome components and superfoods in a single handy package without breaking your pocket? 

Disadvantages:

  • Finding the right treats with proper doses could be an intricate process – with hundreds of options at your disposal 
  • The quality package comes with a hefty price, so yes, CBD treats are costlier than CBD oils 
  • Their shelf life is relatively short, presumably about a few months only. But similar to oils, the formula can last for two to three years before losing its effectiveness. 

Whichever you choose, both can help your pet achieve a maximum level of comfort and resume his normal life. Going either for treats or oil is a matter of personal preference. Your budget, along with your pet’s health, can also influence your buying decision. 

Benefits of CBD for Dogs

Pets have an endocannabinoid system similar to humans. That’s why they can benefit from taking CBD treats. It enables them to ease varying symptoms, no matter how mild or moderate it is. 

There are tons of significant reasons why you should administer CBD treats to your furry friend. Treating several complications is just part of the journey. 

Reduce Itch 

It is normal to see your dog scratching his skin. When should you worry, though? It’s when he tends to do it a lot more than before. The reasons vary, from ticks to infection. You don’t want to miss his playful nature, so be sure to integrate CBD dog treats into his food. He will instantly feel relaxed and pacified. 

Alleviate Nausea 

Thanks to CBD’s anti-nausea activity, your poochie no longer has to deal with frequent vomiting before or after every meal. It stimulates an area in the brainstem – suppressing the urge to throw up. If your pet tends to vomit in the car whenever you hit the road, you can administer him CBD treats, and you are both guaranteed to enjoy the entire trip. 

Promote Calmness

Yes, even your dog is not excused from experiencing stress and anxiety. Pets usually develop it when their owner leaves them. Or what we call separation anxiety. It causes damaging behaviors like pacing, urinating anywhere, etc. 

Loud noises also make them feel scared. So as possible, you have to distance them from loud noises such as fireworks. A gentle pat might do as well as it eases their fear. And adding CBD treats will do the miraculous work. 

A full-spectrum hemp extract with anti-anxiety components is what makes CBD dogs the best treatment for anxiety. Some products have chamomile and l-theanine. These offer added stress-relieving benefits. 

Soothe Chronic Pain 

While arthritis or chronic pain is inevitable among dogs, CBD will assist with the condition. This could be due to natural aging or injury. CBD treats act as a pain relief, which targets sore joints and other degenerative ailments. 

When left untreated, he may become immobile and therefore, affecting his joyful life. Along with other joint-supportive complements, you can be able to reduce the symptoms and regain his view of life. 

Improve Appetite 

For sure as a pet owner, you always find yourself in deep trouble identifying the reason behind your dog’s lack of appetite. It is mainly due to nausea. Remember when you were unable to eat because of the submissive pain? The same goes for your pup as well. 

CBD dog treats have anti-inflammatory agents that help fix up bowel movements. They are also known as an immunity booster, which removes viruses and contagious microbes within the dog’s body. 

Another benefit of CBD dog treat is it is non-prescription. CBD products usually contain no more than 0.3 percent THC and are legal to use in fifty states. Meaning to say you can purchase a few packages without even entering a vet’s office. 

However, worried fur parents are always welcome to visit their veterinarians and have an honest discussion regarding CBD, the potential risks, and how it will fit into the daily routine of their pet. Particularly important if he is taking other medications as CBD could reverse the effect. 

How Many CBD Treats Should You Give Your Dog? 

There is no specific standard on how many CBD treats you need to give to your pup. Several factors must be taken into account, such as: 

  • Age 
  • Size 
  • Weight 
  • Purpose/health condition of the dog 

It’s quite tricky finding the right dose for your dog. But to give you an idea, here are the recommended quantities based on their weight, alongside the dosage instruction: 

  • 2-15 pounds: 0.5 to 5mg, with 3 to 4 doses daily 
  • 15-30 pounds: 5 to 10mg, 2 to 3 doses daily 
  • 30-60 pounds: 10 to 25mg, with 2 to 3 doses daily 
  • 60-150 pounds: 20 to 50mg, around 2 doses daily 

We have mentioned earlier that pets with a compromised immune system or have chronic pain would need higher doses. Low dosages work with anxiety. But if you are worried about the side effects it could bring to your furball, particularly the high doses, it is best to start with a smaller amount. Perhaps three milligrams or lower. Then, work your way up. Most products contain 2 to 10 mg CBD treats as a starting dose for small up to bigger dogs. This is equivalent to one to two treats. If you are still hesitant, discuss it with your vet. 

Mild dosage is typically done to improve immunity and combat potential health complications. Regular dosage is used to treat minor inflammation and twinges, allergies, stress, and other related disorders. Strong dosage is directed for more extreme health problems among dogs, which include chronic pain, tumors, etc. 

With regards to how long it will take for the treats to start working, again, there is no specific answer. Just like humans, the animal’s body responds to medications differently. Some may work quickly and effectively, while others may take more time to absorb its strength.

Though generally, it should take between thirty and ninety minutes after consumption. For issues such as anxiety, results should appear within an hour. But if you are trying to treat joint pain, it could take some weeks to see noticeable changes. Don’t get discouraged, though. It is crucial to be consistent on the dosage and ingestion to reach the desired effect.

Does CBD Have Side Effects? 

CBD treats should have zero side effects since they are naturally sourced. A 2017 report by the World Health Organization stated that CBD appears to be safe for animals. Still, your doggie may likely experience some side effects. Though they usually appear when you go beyond the recommended dosage. Once you notice any undesirable effects, call a veterinarian immediately. 

  • Itchiness 
  • Increased thirst 
  • Nausea 
  • Dizziness 
  • Tiredness 
  • Reduced blood pressure 

Most side effects are mild and should not aggravate. They tend to subside after a few days or weeks once your pet’s body gets used to the substance. 

But sometimes, the ingredients are to blame for why side effects trigger in the first place. This is extremely common among pets with allergies. So, always check the label before purchasing. 

CBD Dog Treats: Should You Buy Them?

As you see, fur parents need not to worry about the effect of cannabidiol on dogs and even on other animals. It won’t make them high. Aside from the treat’s palatable taste, you are also saving the health and overall comfort of your four-legged friend. 

It may provide effective relief and help keep your dog calm. Pets suffering from other ailments may benefit from using these treats as well.

There are other therapeutic benefits worth discovering! And if you’re too curious about them, go for any of these CBD treats and let us know what you think.

However, bear in mind that CBD is not yet officially authorized for preventing, treating, or curing any disease. Be sure to consult with a veterinarian first. 

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Cannabis taxes help lift Vista budget – Coast News

VISTA — The City Council at its April 13 meeting got its first peek at its biennial operating budget, which shows an overall surplus for the Fiscal Year 2021-22 and 22-23 cycles.

According to Sarah Taylor, a senior management analyst for the city, Vista is expected to have a $559,474 surplus in the next fiscal year, and a $301,562 deficit in the following year. However, those estimates are due to staff capping the medicinal marijuana tax revenue at $4 million per year, she said.

Taylor said staff was conservative in its budget and the actual estimate for Measure Z taxes will likely top $5 million per year. She said the increase of marijuana revenue is due to all 11 dispensaries being operational.

“Having a balanced budget is fantastic,” said Councilman Joe Green. “The $300,000 deficit doesn’t bother me because I know the cannabis revenues are extremely conservative.”

As for revenues, the city is estimating a 2021-22 budget of $92.2 million and $95 million in 2022-23. Taylor said sales taxes are increasing thanks to the Wayfair decision by the U.S. Supreme Court, which allows for municipalities to collect sales tax on out-of-state sellers.

Vista is projecting $20.7 million and $21.4 million in sales tax the next two fiscal years, while property taxes are also increasing from more than $26 million in 2021-22 and nearly $27 million in 2022-23.

The next biggest jump from 2020-21 is Proposition L sales taxes, which are expected to be $9.5 million and $9.8 million in 2021-22 and 22-23, respectively.

As for transient occupancy tax (hotels), the city is projecting a decrease of nearly $500,000 for the 2021-22 year, which is down from $1.6 million this year. By 2022-23, though, Vista projects taxes to match this year’s level.

“Some of the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on revenue were milder than predicted,” Taylor said. “Other revenue sources are expected to continue to be impacted, such as transient occupancy tax.”

With the expected boost in cannabis revenue, the council also expressed some of their priorities with the additional funds.

Green said his “wish” list included installing solar panels at city facilities, grants to benefit the youth in recovering from the pandemic, hiring another social worker and adding a dog park in north Vista. Councilwoman Corinna Contreras also championed a youth program.

Councilman John Franklin, meanwhile, said he would like to hire one or two more sheriff’s deputies (currently the city has 83 assigned deputies) as the ratio of deputies has fallen to 0.8 per 1,000 residents. He also said he’d like to add another employee to the city’s Psychological Emergency Response Team.

However, two residents said the city should redirect its $25 million contract with the San Diego County Sheriff’s Department to focus on hiring mental health professionals and partner with local organizations to address crime and marginalized residents.

“We need to add deputies that are trained,” Franklin said. “We would need to add 13 deputies to get to the ratio we were at 10 years ago.”

As for expenditures, the city is projecting $91.7 million for 2021-22 and $95.3 million for 2022-23. The largest budget is for public safety, which includes the sheriff’s and fire departments at $55.5 million and $57.1 million in the following two fiscal years, Taylor said.

The public safety budget for 2021-22 includes replacing two, Type-1 fire engines for the Vista Fire Department. The $57.1 million 2022-23 budget includes replacing a Type-3 brush engine.